I find this “Neu Deel Cookin Ware” earthenware baking dish intriguing because it has so much decoration and design for a dish with such a simple purpose. It obviously was made for use in the oven and has a tight-fitting lid, so I guess it could be called a dutch oven too. Interestingly, the lid is glazed on the inside and is the right shape and size for a second use as a ten-inch diameter pie plate. This large baking dish has four “feet” molded into the base, as well as molded rings to keep the bottom of the dish slightly raised from the surface of the oven. The sides of the dish are covered with raised ornamental designs of branches, leaves, apples, and other fruits and vegetables. I love to look at the intricate detail of the designs.

The interior of this earthenware baking dish has the same dark brown glaze that the interior of the pie plate has. Both have an unglazed exterior that is the color of sand with small dark specks throughout. The baking dish has a metal bail that is connected to earthenware ears.

The bottom of the baking dish has raised lettering that reads “Neu Deel Economy Cookin Ware Health.” The bottom of the pie plate has raised lettering that reads “Neu Deel Economy Cookin Ware Health Reg US Pat Off Pat 91285.” The patent for this design was registered on January 2, 1934 and was valid for a period of fourteen years. The designer was Warren I. Tycer of Columbus, Ohio. Included in the patent are two drawings of his proposed design.

Sketch by Warren I. Tycer of his ornamental design

Sketch by Warren I. Tycer of
his earthenware baking dish

Many different styles of these baking dishes were made under this same patent. Although I have had my “Neu Deel Cookin Ware” for about twenty years and have searched through many sources during that time, I have never found another one of these dishes as tall as mine (8 1/2 inches), including the dish shown in the patent sketch. I have seen shallower dishes with portions of the ornamental design… dishes with and without bails and with and without feet. Apparently not all of these baking dishes were designed with lids. (In fact, the patent drawing does not show a lid.) The lids often look different too, with some having a glazed interior while others do not.